If you have combination skin, some areas of your skin will be oily and others dry. It is the name given to a specific type of skin that doesn’t fall in one category.
Combination skin can be classified as what’s called a T-zone. That way, if you draw a T-shape over your face, the area of the skin outside the T would represent dry and inside the T-s zone will be oily.
However, because combination skin is a different type, it doesn’t mean that you will have this kind forever. Lots of treatments are available that you can try.
And, most of them only require a small adjustment to your everyday routine. Continue reading the post to learn more about the combination skin and skincare routine to manage it.
See Related: What Is BHA In Skin Care?
WHAT EXACTLY IS COMBINATION SKIN?
Atypical skin types may include two or more different types of skin on the face. Besides, the condition of the skin tends to fluctuate with varying seasons. In general, people with combination skin have flaking, dry skin on their cheeks whereas the other parts of the face have excessive oil and shine.
People with combination skin tend to struggle with their T-zone that includes the chin, nose, and forehead. This skin type is recognized by the production of oil, which is not uniform throughout the face. It means, the skin has more active glands in the T-zone compared to the other areas with less active oil glands.
The oily area constitutes the T-zone that encompasses the forehead and goes down through the nose and ends in the tip of the chin. It is the area that has the sebaceous glands including bigger pores. This is why the area produces more oil.
WHAT CAUSES A COMBINATION SKIN TYPE?
Combination skin is the most common compared to the other types. Some potential causes of a combination skin include the following.
Because genetics has an important role to play in determining the type of skin, combination skin is genetic. Hence, whether you have oily, sensitive, dry, or combination skin, it is inherited from your grandparents and parents. There are plenty of sebaceous glands found in the T-zone.
And, they are responsible for producing sebum, which is a waxy substance that keeps the skin supple and soft. These glands are more active in persons with combination skin. They produce excessive sebum resulting in breakouts and shine.
A combination of skin displays oily skin on the forehead, nose, and jaw. And, dry skin on the hairline, cheeks, and jawline. Besides, oily skin is characterized by blackheads, shine, and large pores. Whereas dry skin is characterized by wrinkles, fine lines, dullness, and flakiness.
2. HORMONAL INFLUENCES
In general, skin issues tend to escalate because of environmental factors and hormonal influences. As such, the skin shows oily and dry symptoms. The sebaceous glands in your skin have receptors that respond to hormonal changes.
And, it includes estrogen and testosterone. So, when your body produces more testosterone, your skin tends to produce more oil at the same time. As a result, some areas of your face will secrete excessive oil.
3. THE AMOUNT OF STRESS
There is no denying that the amount of stress in your life can have an impact on your skin. So, if you are having a stressful time, it is likely that it might affect your skin type. Cortisol levels tend to increase whenever the body experiences stress.
When the cortisol levels are increased, it triggers a specific hormone that stimulates the sebaceous glands to release more oil. And, this leads to spots.
4. YOUR SKINCARE PRODUCTS
Sometimes the skincare products that you are using might be too harsh for your forehead, chin, and nose. Apart from that, if you are using a type of moisturizer that contains certain comedogenic ingredients such as beeswax, shea butter, coconut oil, etc. It might clog up the pores. As such, issues with combination skin will only rise.
5. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
Apart from the causes mentioned above, another great reason for combination skin is the environment. And, especially when you are dealing with humidity and heat. When you remain exposed to humid conditions for a long time, the sweat glands tend to produce more sweat.
As a result, it leaves the skin shiny and moist. Moreover, the skin dehydrates.
HOW CAN YOU TELL WHETHER OR NOT YOU HAVE COMBINATION SKIN?
While a combination skin type is the most common, it can be difficult to identify sometimes. Although your skin fluctuates depending on your lifestyle and the environment, certain signs prove that you are dealing with combination skin. Here is how you can tell.
1. OBSERVE THE AREA WHERE YOU SHINE
If you have a combined skin type, the area representing the T-zone will have much oil. Also, the remaining parts of the face will have dry skin.
2. WATCH OUT FOR THE WEATHER
Combination skin is more noticeable during specific times of the year when you are exposed to extreme temperatures. And, that could be during the winter and summer months. You will notice that some areas of your skin are more dry compared to the other oily areas.
3. FIND OUT THE EXTENT OF YOUR ACNE
People having a combination skin type are more prone to having acne along the T-zone. This is the area where your skin produces more oil. Therefore, if you notice a cluster of acne breaking out around your chin, nose, and forehead, you have a combination skin type.
4. YOU CAN TAKE THE SUNBLOCK TEST
You can tell whether or not you are having a combination skin type by using sunscreen. All you need to do is apply the product and notice the area on your face that shines. So, if your nose and forehead look a bit greasy whereas your cheeks absorb the sunscreen, you have a combination skin type.
WHAT SHOULD BE THE RIGHT KIND OF PRODUCTS FOR YOUR COMBINATION SKIN
People with a combination skin type always find it hard to find the right cosmetic products that work well. An important aspect is to find products that provide you with extra moisture to the dried areas without increasing shine in the oily areas.
TRY USING PRODUCTS THAT HAVE AN EXCESSIVE FRAGRANCE
When you have combination skin, chances are that you will have flaky, dry skin in at least one part of your face. As you know, dry skin is quite sensitive and gets easily irritated by cosmetic products that have artificially induced fragrances. Hence, it is wise to stick to products that are made with natural ingredients.
NEVER USE PRODUCTS THAT CLOG THE SKIN PORES
Certain cosmetic products are likely to clog your skin pores. Skincare products and comedogenic cosmetics promote blemishes and acne. And, around 54% of women over 25 years are struggling with facial acne. That’s why finding products that don’t make breakouts worse is hard to find.
Hence, it is wise to stick to non-comedogenic products that are designed to be gentle on your skin. And, provides your skin with the coverage they need. These products give you a flawless look without sacrificing the quality of your skin.
APPLY TWO DIFFERENT MOISTURIZERS
There is no question that your skin benefits from any kind of moisturizer. So, it is important to find the right kind of moisturizer that suits your skin tone. But when it comes to combination skin, it is hard to find the right balance. Keeping the dry cheeks hydrated without adding an oily sheen on the T-zone seems difficult.
However, for many people, there is always room for experimentation. Most people with a combination skin type tend to use two different moisturizers. In general, a heavy, cream-based moisturizer is the best solution for dry skin while a water-based moisturizer is best for oily skin.
And, they apply it to the areas around the jawline and cheeks. In areas where oil secretion is in excess, they use a light, water-based moisturizer that keeps the skin supple. Also, these kinds of moisturizers don’t add an extra shine.
EXFOLIATION IS EQUALLY IMPORTANT
Exfoliation is important for all types of skin. However, people with a combination skin type can benefit a lot from using the right exfoliating beauty products. The best part about exfoliation is that it helps to open and clear out the exposed clogged pores in the areas that accumulate more oil.
At the same time, it helps moisture to penetrate deep into the skin in dry areas of your face. You can find many products that provide safe exfoliation without using any kind of harsh chemicals. Besides, you can use granular scrubs that are specifically designed to scrape off the dead skin piling on the pores. However, if your skin is sensitive, never over-exfoliate.
A SKINCARE ROUTINE THAT YOU CAN FOLLOW FOR YOUR COMBINATION SKIN:
It is always a good idea to think wisely when trying to figure out what type of skincare routine you should follow for your combination skin. Get started by using gentle products that moisturize the dry areas without promoting much oiliness. And, apply special treatments for specific issues.
1. THE MORNING ROUTINE THAT YOU CAN FOLLOW
Use your preferred products in the below-mentioned order to create a more balanced skin.
- CLEANSER – You need to remove the buildup that accumulated during the night. So, use a gentle cleanser all over your face
- TONER – While you may have applied cleanser, certain areas won’t be cleaned properly with them. Toner removes oil that the cleanser didn’t. Also, it balances the skin’s pH levels effectively. So, make sure to use an alcohol-free toner
- SERUM – When it comes to protecting and hydrating your skin, serums come in handy. Hence, choose a serum that contains hyaluronic acid or an AHA serum
- MOISTURIZER – As said, if you have combination skin, it is good to use two different moisturizers. For the oily part, use a light, water-based moisturizer. And, for the dry part, use a moisturizer with a heavy, cream-based formulation.
- SUNSCREEN – Opt for a lightweight sunscreen that has at least SPF30
- MAKEUP – If you wish to use one, choose lightweight products. Certain types of concealer and foundation have an oil-free formulation that serves your purpose well
2. EVENING ROUTINE THAT YOU CAN FOLLOW
You can follow the above-mentioned routine. However, in the evening, you can try your preferred products in the following order.
- MAKEUP REMOVER – So, if you wore makeup, you must remove it effectively. Using a gentle makeup remover helps to keep the exposed pores unclogged. As such, it allows your skin to breathe
- CLEANSER – Using a nighttime cleanser helps to remove makeup remnants along with the natural buildup
- EXFOLIATE – As mentioned earlier, exfoliation is the best way to remove dead skin cells. It relieves the dry areas in your face and keeps the pores clear. Hence, it is better if you exfoliate once every week with a glycolic acid exfoliator
- FACIAL MASK – While masking is another great way to take care of your combination skin, you can try multi-masking. Apply different masks to all the areas of your face once per week
- MOISTURIZER, SERUM, OR OTHER TREATMENT – Because evenings are for using stronger products, it is good to choose a softening moisturizer for dry areas
3. FOR DRY SKIN
Keeping your skin hydrated is the only solution for dry skin. Therefore, use a super-hydrating moisturizer on the dry areas. Also, drink plenty of water to keep your skin hydrated.
4. FOR ACNE
- If you are wearing makeup, you should double-cleanse at night
- Also, use a cleanser that contains Salicylic Acid and/or Glycolic Acid
- Use a gentle toner that helps to fight blemishes and blackheads
5. FOR ANTI-AGING
When you are creating a skincare routine for mature skin, you should banish dark spots, lift sagging skin, and plump fine lines. Here are a few tips you can apply.
- Choose a gentle exfoliator
- Don’t ignore your neck when it is about cleansing, treating, or applying sunscreen
For combination skin, finding the right skincare products and routine can be daunting. However, when you use the right products in the right areas, it gives the best possible outcome for your combination skin. That way, you don’t have to worry about your combination skin type and live life to the fullest.
Keep Reading: Why Is My Skin So Dry Even When I Moisturize?
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